Fishing Technique

Fishing technique

Fishing techniques embrace hand-gathering, spearfishing, netting, angling and trapping. Recreational, industrial and artisanal fishers use completely different techniques, and also, sometimes the similar techniques. Recreational fishers fish for pleasure or sport, whereas industrial fishers fish for profit. Artisanal fishers use ancient, low-tech strategies, for survival in third-world countries, and as a cultural heritage in alternative countries. Mostly, recreational fishers use sport fishing strategies and industrial fishers use netting strategies.

Different Techniques

Trawling is the most common commercial fishing method used in New Zealand waters.  It is generally used for deep-water fisheries like orange rough , hooky, ling, hake and squid.  A fishing boat tows a large net behind it, sometimes in the middle of the water, and sometimes on the sea floor.  Sometimes two fishing boats might tow a big net together.

Seining involves dropping a net to surround and trap a school of fish.  There are two types of seining – Danish seining, which is used to catch fish near the bottom of the sea, and purse seining, which is used to catch fish near the surface.

Dredging is used to gather scallops and oysters from shallow water.  A fishing boat tows a steel net (dredge) along the sea floor, and the net scrapes up all the shellfish living there.

Most common line fishing methods are hand-lines and long-lines.

Hand-lines are mainly used by recreational fishers.  A hand-line is a single fishing line, usually attached to a rod, and held by hand.

Long-lines have a main fishing line, with lots of shorter lines hanging off it.The shorter lines have bait and hooks attached to them. The main line is anchored at each end, and floats stop the line from sinking. Line fishing doesn’t bruise or damage the fish as much as net fishing, but you can’t catch as many fish as quickly on a line as you can in a net.


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