Bijoy Kumar Ghosh
Institute of Water and Flood Management, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
The importance of open water fish in our socio-economic regime has recently drawn the attention of the policy makers of the country. FCD/FCDI projects mainly serve the agricultural interests, but it interfere fish migration. This inevitably affects the open water fisheries sector as migratory routes. Nursing grounds of many species of fish are hampered and disturbed for these projects also. In order to permit fish migration in rivers, it is necessary to maintain conditions that help migrants reach their spawning grounds.To overcome obstacles, such as hydraulic structures, placed in the path of migrating fish, structures must be designed to assist the fish to pass them. The periodic and directed travel of fish mainly for feeding, breeding and over coming adverse climatic conditions is called migration. Fish passes are constructed to allow normal breeding migration and to ensure natural route of fish movement. The concept of a fish passes is relatively new in Bangladesh. At present, two Fish passes and two fish friendly structures are constructed. These are Fish Pass in Jamuna to Bangali
River at Sariakandi in Bogra, fish Pass in Kawadighi Haor of Monu river in Moulovibazar, fish friendly structure in Lohajong river of Tangail and fish friendly
structure at Morichardanra in Chapainawabganj. Fish fry, spawning and hatchling
movement from Jamuna to Bangali River was the main objective of Sariakandi Fish Pass Project. The Fish Pass Project of Sariakandi is necessary for the development of the dominant fishes like catfish and small fishes. The structures will also aid in efficient development of the carp fishes. Spawning migration, mainly in carp fish, in the study area was found to begin at the 2nd week of May and continue up to the 3rd week of July. Catfish migrations began at the last week of March and continue up to the 2nd week of June. Fish fry and hatching movement from Jamuna to Bangali river was the main objective of Sariakandi fish pass project. The study also found that there were seven major category migratory species in the project area and the fish pass is contributing positively for growth of fishery resources in then study area. During the monsoon carp fish is the dominating migratory species.Carpfish migrates in a higher velocity, whereas, catfish migrates in a lower velocity. Some problems were found in the operation and management of fish pass.